Pediatric Specialties

The Department of Pediatrics at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine has 11 specialized divisions that treat pediatric patients:

Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology (AIR) assists in the diagnosis and management of children with known or suspected immune deficiencies, rheumatologic (related to muscles, tendons, or joints) or autoimmune (immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body) diseases, and allergic diseases (allergies, asthma, skin allergy, and sinusitis). AIR includes the allergy program, the rheumatology program, and inpatient immunology consultation service. The division also coordinates the Pediatric Asthma Program in collaboration with the Division of Pediatric Pulmonology.

Pediatric Cardiology offers modern, comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services to patients with known or suspected heart disease. We treat patients ranging in age from the unborn fetus to the young adult, and deliver care both in Chapel Hill and in convenient clinics located throughout North Carolina.

Pediatric Developmental and Behavioral Medicine provides comprehensive assessments for children and adolescents who have developmental and behavioral challenges.

Pediatric Emergency Medicine provides the highest quality and technologically advanced emergency medical care to ill and injured children in the Triangle area, as well as throughout the state. The department offers a full range of primary, tertiary and quaternary sub-specialty care 18 hours a day, seven days a week.

Pediatric Endocrinology studies and treats diseases and disorders of the glands in children. Endocrine diseases include growth problems; deficiencies or excesses of hormones from the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal or pancreas; disorders of sex differentiation; and diabetes.

Pediatric Gastroenterology specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders involving the gastrointestinal tract (GI), including the esophagus, stomach, intestine tract, liver, biliary tree and pancreas, in children and adolescents. Our division performs an extensive range of related diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, provide nutrition consultations, and manage children before and after liver transplants.

General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (also known as Community Pediatrics) offers comprehensive primary care to children from birth through adolescence both at clinics located in North Carolina Children's Hospital and in private physician offices in surrounding communities. Our medical team also provides comprehensive hospital care to children of all ages admitted to North Carolina Children's Hospital.

Pediatric Genetics and Metabolism offers diagnosis management and genetic counseling for children and adults with disorders that are known or suspected to be inherited (passed down from a family member), resulting from a change in a person's genetic code. Such disorders include birth defects, chromosomal abnormalities, unexplained mental retardation and inborn errors of metabolism (the process of how substances in cells or tissues are broken down for energy or are synthesized).

Pediatric Hematology-Oncology is a member of the Department of Pediatrics, the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at UNC and the Children's Oncology Group. Its mission is to treat and cure children and adolescents with cancer and blood diseases who live in North Carolina through participation both in national and local treatment protocols.

Pediatric Infectious Diseases assists in the diagnosis and management of children with a variety of known or suspected infections as well as immune deficiencies. Children are commonly referred for outpatient evaluation of recurrent or prolonged infections, persistent fever, suspected immune deficiency, enlarged lymph nodes, pneumonia, and a wide range of childhood infections. Children with meningitis, encephalitis, bone infections, endocarditis, and a spectrum of serious or difficult-to-treat infections are usually evaluated by the infectious disease specialists in an inpatient setting at N.C. Children’s Hospital. The division also includes the Pediatric and Adolescent HIV program.

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine provides care for critically ill newborns and premature infants in the Newborn Critical Care Center (NCCC) at North Carolina Children’s Hospital. The division's Special Infant Care Clinic also provides evaluation of graduates from the NCCC.

Pediatric Pulmonology provides comprehensive outpatient and inpatient clinical services for infants and children with lung problems. Some of the conditions treated in our clinics include chronic cough, chronic wheezing, recurrent pneumonia, airway problems, bronchitis, apnea (where breathing stops temporarily), sleep disorders, and cystic fibrosis.

Looking for another pediatric specialty? Beyond the Department of Pediatrics, there are seventeen clinical departments at UNC that offer specialized pediatric programs and services.